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How the West Came to Rule: The Geopolitical Origins of Capitalism @article{Dogrusozlu2018HowTW, title={How the West Came to Rule: The Geopolitical Origins of Capitalism}, author={Cuneyt Dogrusozlu}, journal={Insight … In Chapter 3, we saw that a demographic crisis, precipitated by Mongolian expansion, created a balance of class forces that eventually proved conducive to the ‘freeing’ of the direct producers from the bonds of serfdom. Crucially, however, How the West Came to Rule reminds scholars, particularly those whose work is primarily based in theory, that theory is only as useful if it helps us to understand empirical realities. How the West Came to Rule offers a unique interdisciplinary and international historical account of the origins of capitalism. It argues that contrary to the dominant wisdom, capitalism’s origins should not be understood as a development confined to the geographically and culturally sealed borders of Europe, but the outcome of a wider array of global processes in which non-European societies played a decisive role. In Chapter 4, we then demonstrated that the geopolitical pressures of the Ottoman Empire on ‘European’ development extended this process to enable the separation of the peasantry from their means of subsistence (by methods such as enclosures) and created a structural shift from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic. The writing of historical sociologies is inescapably wedded to the contexts in which they emerge; we write history but do not do so in conditions of our choosing. Each of these chapters indicated steps in the formation of capital as a social relation – the making... How in the space of some 300 years did the leading edge in global economic and military power pass from ‘East’ to ‘West’? The New World ‘discoveries’ of 1492 were a decisive moment in the formation of modern European societies, constituting a fundamental vector of uneven and combined development through which the modern world order was born. The print version of this textbook is ISBN: 9780745336152, 0745336159. The award will be made at ISA 2017 in Baltimore. E.g., unlike, https://www.plutobooks.com/9780745336152/how-the-west-came-to-rule/, Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, Readers' Most Anticipated Books of December. Mainstream historical accounts of the development of capitalism describe a process which is fundamentally European - a system that was born in the mills and factories of England or under the guillotines of the French Revolution. It primarily looks at 3 specific cases and relates them to how they interact to allow the build up of a capitalist system; the rise of the Mongolian Empire, the Ottoman and Hapsburg rivalry, and the rise of the Dutch Empire. Book Review: How the West Came to Rule: The Geopolitical Origins of Capitalism. by Pluto Press, How the West Came to Rule: The Geopolitical Origins of Capitalism. In accounting for this persistently ‘overdetermined’ nature of social structures by their interactions with one another, we have drawn on the concept of uneven and combined development. That being said, we in no way wanted to throw the baby out with the bathwater – an understanding of how … Overly focused on theory to the point of distraction, and too much needless jargon. It argues that contrary to the dominant wisdom, capitalism’s origins should not be understood as a development confined to the geographically and culturally sealed borders of Europe, but the outcome of a wider array of global processes in which non-European societies played a decisive role. This book challenges us to consider those realities which underpinned the development of capitalism, and … How the West Came to Rule offers a unique interdisciplinary and international historical account of the origins of capitalism. According to him, the West rose above the Rest through the development of six ‘killer apps’: i) a more fragmented political setting that worked to encourage competition and innovation both between and within states; ii) a predilection for open inquiry and a scientific attitude towards nature; iii) property rights and the representation of property-owners in elected assemblies; iv) modern medicine, v) an industrial revolution based … The book also looks in slightly less detail about the collapse of the Mughal Empire and 3 European revolutions; the Dutch liberation, English Glorious revolution a. Format Good in parts, though somewhat inaccessible, this book examines the factors underpinning the capitalist system. Welcome back. In this chapter, we critically assess a number of influential Marxist-inspired theorisations of the transition to capitalism. Compared with the preceding Medieval age, it was a period of striking social alteration and development. One of our primary interests in How the West Came to Rule was to show how a geographically decentred history of the origins of capitalism might also decentre the singular emphasis or priority given to the capital-labour relation in certain approaches (such as Political Marxism). Mainstream historical accounts of the development of capitalism describe a process which is fundamentally European - a system that was born in the mills and factories of England or under the guillotines of the French Revolution. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. It summarises the main arguments of the book, as well as the critiques levied by the contributors to the Symposium. it offers incisive analyses but their "solutions" to exiting capitalism are vague and seem like an afterthought). Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Mainstream historical accounts of the development of capitalism describe a process which is fundamentally European - a system that was born in the mills and factories of England or under the guillotines of the French Revolution. The time has come to ‘combine’ or ‘draw together’ the ‘separate steps’⁴ of the preceding argument. Corpus ID: 199284024. How the West Came to Rule offers a unique interdisciplinary and international historical account of the origins of capitalism. The study of nomadic societies has typically been framed by a dichotomy between the state and nonstate, and a complementary stadial or evolutionist model of development. Type Book Author(s) Alexander Anievas, JSTOR eBooks: Open Access Date 2015 Publisher Pluto Press Pub place London ISBN-13 9780745335216, 9780745336152 eBook. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. July 15th 2015 Henry Heller. We focus on such Marxist-inspired perspectives not because they exhaust the range of possible approaches to theorising the transition or because we think other perspectives have nothing to offer. To see what your friends thought of this book, Good in parts, though somewhat inaccessible, this book examines the factors underpinning the capitalist system. How the West Came to Rule offers a unique interdisciplinary and international historical account of the origins of capitalism. In this evolutionist model, nomadic societies have functioned as the equivalent to ‘primitive communities’ in classical social theory – a comparative ideal-type against which modern forms of state and society can be defined.² Similarly, models of the ‘segmentary tribe’ that were developed as part of a... European 16th-century history occupies a peculiar place in historical sociological narratives. I was admittedly averse to these concepts but. 14 November 2016. Positing a unidirectional historical movement from nomadic to sedentary societies, from tribal communities to modern states, this model has informed a broader historicist prioritisation of state over nonstate agents. Buy How the West Came to Rule: The Geopolitical Origins of Capitalism by Anievas, Alexander, Nisancioglu, Kerem (June 20, 2015) Paperback by (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. The book also looks in slightly less detail about the collapse of the Mughal Empire and 3 European revolutions; the Dutch liberation, English Glorious revolution and the French Revolution. How the West Came to Rule: The Geopolitical Origins of Capitalism 31 October 2016. Well-researched and cited. Agriculture lead ability to accumulate wealth inevitably leading to wars; Change is caused by lazy, greedy frighten people looking for easier, more profitable and safer … For these reasons, our critical examination of other important perspectives to capitalism’s origins is in later chapters – Smithian approaches in Chapter 5, new institutionalism in Chapter... To better account for the biography of capitalism’s development, we need an approach that captures the geopolitically interconnected and sociologically co-constitutive nature of its emergence. capitalism. In previous chapters, we charted the changing geopolitical conditions conducive to the emergence of capitalist social relations in Northwestern Europe. it offers incisive analyses but their "solutions" to exiting capitalism are vague and seem like an afterthought). The book offers a unique interdisciplinary and international historical account of the origins of capitalism. The book uses a pretty dense vocabulary and is not recommended for beginners; this is a purely academic book with all the positives and negatives that that entails (i.e. Starting with the earliest development of humankind, it rules out racist genetic beliefs and theories of cultural superiority. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. However formulated, questions concerning the origins of the ‘rise of the West’ have been at the forefront of social scientific debates since their inception: the topic was central to the works of Max Weber and figured prominently (if implicitly) in Marx’s studies and within Marxism ever since. Which is a shame because the historical-sociological arguments they make are important and strong and deserve a wide audience. All Rights Reserved. We’d love your help. There is no biological reason why the West came to dominate. How the West Came to Rule is an excellent, inventive and fascinating piece of scholarship; it is all the more remarkable because it is able to condense a complex of vast and contrary trends, in and through the lens of uneven and combined development, and to demonstrate how they intersect at the point of capital development. How the West came to rule: the geopolitical origins of capitalism. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. Be the first to ask a question about How the West Came to Rule. The classical debate about the formation of capitalism centers on two developments: The taking of the commons, embodied in feudal lords pushing their peasants off the land to clear space for commodity agricultural products or the capital accumulated from trade by merchants growing large enough to create the surpluses capable of being converted into the capital necessary to start production on a scale larger than artisan production. The conclusion is almost painfully Trotskyist as they offer vaguely abstract "solutions" to the admittedly complex solution of exiting capitalism. Through an outline of the uneven histories of Mongolian expansion, New World discoveries, Ottoman-Habsburg rivalry, the development of the Asian colonies and bourgeois revolutions, Alexander Anievas and Kerem Nisancioglu provide an account of how these diverse events and processes came together to produce capitalism. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Access the eBook. How the West Came to Rule offers a unique interdisciplinary and international historical account of the origins of capitalism. Dr. Kerem Nisancioglu's book, How the West Came to Rule: The Geopolitical Origins of Captialism, co-written with Alex Anievas, has won the ISA International Political Sociology Section Book Prize for 2017. Through an outline of the uneven histories of Mongolian expansion, New World discoveries, Ottoman-Habsburg rivalry, the development of the Asian colonies and bourgeois revolutions, the authors provide an account of how these diverse events and processes came together to produce capitalism. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt183pb6f, (For EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zotero, Mendeley...), CHAPTER 1 The Transition Debate: Theories and Critique, CHAPTER 2 Rethinking the Origins of Capitalism: The Theory of Uneven and Combined Development, CHAPTER 3 The Long Thirteenth Century: Structural Crisis, Conjunctural Catastrophe, CHAPTER 4 The Ottoman–Habsburg Rivalry over the Long Sixteenth Century, CHAPTER 5 The Atlantic Sources of European Capitalism, Territorial Sovereignty and the Modern Self, CHAPTER 6 The ‘Classical’ Bourgeois Revolutions in the History of Uneven and Combined Development, CHAPTER 7 Combined Encounters: Dutch Colonisation in Southeast Asia and the Contradictions of ‘Free Labour’, CHAPTER 8 Origins of the Great Divergence over the Longue Durée: Rethinking the ‘Rise of the West’, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Rather, we centre our attention on them because the Marxist tradition has arguably examined and debated the subject of capitalism’s genesis more than any other social theoretical tradition.

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